Jodhpur, the earlier capital of Marwar was founded by Rao Jodha in 1459. This city was built due to warring brothers, all who felt the needs to rule their independent state. Today, the city of Jodhpur has become the second biggest city of Rajasthan, still maintaining its own medieval character.
An affluent trading center in 16th century, Jodhpur still is one of the foremost centers for cattle, wood, camels, agricultural crops and salt. But, the past is not far behind and the city boasts of some fine reminders of its glorious past – temples, forts, and other graceful monuments of historical and architectural value.
The Major Attractions of Jodhpur:
Mehrangarh Fort: The Mehrangarh Fort in Jodhpur is one among the largest forts. It’s also the most superb fort in Jodhpur, or say, in the entire Rajasthan. This fort is among the famous tourist places in whole India. It is located on a 150 meters high hill. Founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha, the Mehrangarh Fort could be reached easily from the city, through the circular road. Mehrangarh Fort and its beauty are the live proof of the skill and hard work of Jodhpuri sculptors. Seven gates needs to be crossed in order to reach this fort. These gates still bear marks of the different battles fought in bygone era.
Jaswant Thada: To left of this Mehrangarh Fort is Jaswant Thada. It’s a 19th century regal cenotaph built in memorial of the Maharaja Jaswant Singh second, who was the 33rd Rathore leader of Jodhpur. Maharaja Sardar Singh, Maharaja Jaswant Singh’s son, in memory of his great father, built this Jaswant Thada. The commemorative has 2 more tombs in it. Near to it are royal crematorium and 3 other cenotaphs. This popular Jaswant Thada located in Jodhpur is a great example of architectural luster in India. It’s a white marble made memorial, created out of delicately carved marble sheets. This carving shows the mastermind of the sculptors.
Umaid Bhawan Palace: The Umaid Bhavan Palace of Jodhpur is one among India's most recent and imposing palaces. The Umaid Bhavan palace was built by the Maharaja Umaid Singh and is named only after him. He utilized the great services of Henry Vaughan Lanchester, a famous Edwardian architect for the creation of this palace. The Umaid Bhavan Palace contains 347 rooms. Umaid Bhawan Palace of Jodhpur was built actually for the benefit of the people. Its idea was to offer employment to the residents of Jodhpur during long period of famine and drought. The construction of this palace utilized around one million square ft (90,000 m²). One more special feature of this palace is the usage of a special kind of sandstone, known as Chittar sandstone, offering it a unique appearance. The Umaid Bhavan palace is a fine model of Indo-Saracenic building. Over 3000 artisans were employed for the construction of palace.
Rai ka Baag: Rai ka Bag of Jodhpur is another famous tourist spot to visit for you on your tour to Jodhpur. Hadiji, queen of Raja Jaswant Singh-I, built this palace. This palace is located near Raika Bag palace’s railway station. This famous palace in Jodhpur, Rajasthan was constructed in the year 1663. It was among the preferred palaces of Raja Jaswant Singh-II. Mostly he stayed in octagonal bungalow of this palace.
Nehru Park: Spread within an area of about 14 acres, the Nehru Park was created as a kid’s part. Inaugurated on September 7th, 1966 by the Chief Minister, Mohan Lal Sukhadia, this park gets its beauty from pond, fountain, swings flower beds, plants and trees here.
Mandore Garden: Spread within an area of about 82 acres, the garden has beautiful Bougainvillea, Ashok trees, row of ancient trees and floral plants. There is no definite clue to say how many years old this garden actually is but it definitely existed during the supremacy of King Maldeo. The beauty of this garden has attracted many film makers. Its fountains, particularly the jet fountain tends to be an all-time favorite tourist attraction. It also has a natural pond called Nagadari. The Veer puri and Nagpancharni fairs are also organized in this Mandore garden.
Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park: This Park situated in 72 hectare is a model of smart ecotourism and it sits in Mehrangarh’s lee. It has been planted and restored lovingly with the native species to display natural diversity of this area. Criss crossed with the walking trails, the park takes you to city walls, around the Devkund Lake, spotting reptiles, local birds and butterflies. Walks here are an ideal restorative when Indian hustles have left you in requirement of some breathing space.
Clock Tower: This century old tower is a very old city landmark that is surrounded by vibrant sounds, smells and sights of Sardar Market, marked by triple gateway at its southern and northern ends.